Let’s take a closer look at each part of the whole.
F is for Findable
Sure, you may be able to find your data, but how long does it take you? Can you find it easily?
Every moment spent searching for information is a moment taken away from science and innovation. Data should be found with ease, saving both time and effort.
Let’s take a classic case: scientific research papers are notoriously difficult to find, even if they’re published in open access. The reason for this could be as simple as not having the right key words to enable a search engine such as Google, Bing or Yahoo! to find them.
Researchers should choose their key words carefully. Knowing how they will be used should help; it gives the task a sense of importance and meaning. Taking care to think about these words can make a world of difference when it comes to finding information.
Another key point is consistency. If researchers are going to use different key words and terms to name and store their research, it won’t matter how many keywords are associated with it – they won’t function as they should.
Now extrapolate this to research data in your go-to data management tool. Here, keywords and tags have the same function; they link associated metadata and files and make it easier to find later.
So, take a moment and really think about which words you will use to tag your data. One minute now could save you an hour next week.
A is for Accessible
According to a 2020 study printed in Learned Publishing, researchers in the medical and biological fields are reluctant to share their data. Reasons for this vary from not fully understanding the term ‘scientific data’ and what it could include to being protective of their research findings and the effort that went into the project, fear that others would misinterpret the data, and reluctance due to the initial additional effort it could take to make data more accessible using the associated metadata.
Researchers should consider putting their fears aside and sharing the information, not just publishing it. Open access is important to innovation. Not only does it maximize the potential of your data, it also saves other researchers time and keeps studies moving along.
I is for Interoperable
A major barrier to why researchers in the life sciences don’t share their data is because of the daunting prospect of standardizing research data and the amount of work it presents. Can your data be used across multiple projects and systems? If your data is not compatible and interoperable, it limits how it can be used. Again, researchers should ensure that their data is not restricted in its use.
R is for Reusable
If you want to get the most out of your data, you must ensure it can be reused. This means having the full picture in plain sight: state your sources, make sure you add context, and offer contact information for those that want – or need – more information.
Adding this level of detail and metadata facilitates data mining, where you will be able to search – and find – your data through a document or even a set of documents.
This is especially important in times of evolving Big Data, where data production has risen exponentially but data management is struggling to keep up and organize the data into a coherent picture that offers insight.
Some key funding organizations, including the European Commission, encourage and promote the F.A.I.R. principles to safeguard data integrity and maximize research investment. It’s a simple formula: use quality ingredients to produce a quality product; one that you can use over and over, and it’ll last.
Is your data F.A.I.R.? Start your F.A.I.R. journey with the expert, IDBS.